Dating with hiv in usa
So it will be when mass circumcision has been "rolled out" and if there is any dent at all in HIV transmission.(The Roman senator Cato was in the habit of ending every speech on any subject with those words - it helped that "must be destroyed" was a single splendid Latin word, "delenda".Eventually the Senate agreed to destroy Carthage, with disastrous consequences for Rome.) Recently, several studies have been published, most from Africa, one from India, claiming to show a link between having an intact penis and a higher risk of HIV infection.They tend to have two things in common - flawed work, and a passage near the end saying "Therefore, universal male circumcision should be considered as a preventive measure against HIV infection" or words to that effect. The latest study (2006) is the most careful so far to avoid the mistakes of its predecessors, but it still falls far short of justifying mass circumcision campagns of men in Africa, let alone Routine Infant Circumcision.
We have shown for the first time that [men who have sex with men] who predominantly take on the insertive role in sex are less likely to contract HIV if theyve been circumcised, said Dr.In the study, University of New South Wales researchers recruited 1,400 HIV-negative men, two-thirds of whom were circumcised. But in looking at the men who predominantly took the insertive role in intercourse, there was an 85 percent reduction in the risk of HIV infection if they were circumcised.Only seven of the 53 HIV infections occurred among insertive partners; the studys model indicated that five of these infections could have been avoided if the men had been circumcised.(Equal proportions of both groups, 10-11%, had been with one or two sex workers.) These factors could well account for the difference. The authors maintain that "because participants did not know their HIV-1 status at the time of our visit, bias from this source would seem unlikely." But many would know their HIV-1 status because of AIDS symptoms. There are thus unknown ways in which men might non-randomly "include themselves out".This study - unlike others - found no effect of age of circumcision on HIV acquistion, even if the circumcision took place after sexual activity began and after HIV was prevalent.